Issue # 14 September 30th


Websters dictionary has this to say about it:
From Middle English comunete, from Middle French comuneté, from Latin communitat-, communitas, from communis
Date: 14th century 1: a unified body of individuals: as a: STATE, COMMONWEALTH. b: the people with common interests living in a particular area; broadly: the area itself (the problems of a large community) c: an interacting population of various kinds of individuals (as species) in a common location d: a group of people with a common characteristic or interest living together within a larger society (a community of retired persons) e: a group linked by a common policy f: a body of persons or nations having a common history or common social, economic, and political interests (the international community) g: a body of persons of common and especially professional interests scattered through a larger society (the academic community)
2. society at large
3. a: joint ownership or participation (community of goods)
b: common character: LIKENESS (community of interests)
c: social activity : FELLOWSHIP d: a social state or condition.
As we see the word community has three basic meanings and quite a few breakdowns of those three, and that is just the word. Community, to me, is also a feeling and the feeling that it holds in each persons heart and mind is as individual as their finger print.
The trick is in finding that elusive common ground, the fact that we all have fingers.
Nineteen, people have a vision of the future of Grand Forks, and are daring and community minded enough, to pick up nomination packages from City Hall for the up coming Civic Elections. Nominations will be accepted to City Hall starting October 5th and will close October 15.
Hopefully there ideas of community will be able to help find that common ground to act as a strong foundation for building a sustainable future.
A community must develop a vision in order to address sustainability and to help guide those who are unclear about a future course. Identifying alternative approaches and resources that can assist the visioning process is necessary, and Grand Forks’ community centre in the works will certainly help to bring many different groups together under one roof. This can be used to rally that cooperative community spirit around.
Communities with the greatest and most diverse citizen participation are often resilient and strong.
Innovative and constructive partnerships between different sectors and interests also will provide significant progress toward creating sustainability.
Every community has a history, and events planned around it that are both educational and cultural and the Boundary area is no exception. These activities provide local character and strengthen community ties, and the community centre can provide another place for that.
In human history man has approached communities with the idea either making the community they live in work, or starting a new community, or intentional community.
Some Myths about Intentional Communities
Compiled by the Fellowship for Intentional Communities, October 1996
Myth: Most communitarians are hippies.
Fact: While some of today’s communities can trace their roots back to the counterculture of the `60s and `70s, few today identify with the hippie stereotype. (Moreover, many of the characteristics that identified “hippies” 25 years ago–long hair, bright clothes, ecological awareness–have become integrated into mainstream lifestyles.)
On the political spectrum, communitarians tend to be left of center. In terms of lifestyle choices, they tend to be hard working, peace loving, health conscious, environmentally concerned, and family oriented. Philosophically they tend toward a way of life which increases the options for their own members without limiting the choices of others.
Myth : Most people who live in communities are running away from responsibilities.
Fact: Many people choose to live in community because it offers a way of life which is different, in various ways, from that of the wider society. Since living in community does not eliminate everyday responsibilities, most community members raise families, maintain and repair their land and buildings, work for a living, pay taxes, etc.
Because of the increased free time which results from pooling resources and specialized skills–many community members are deeply involved in their wider community of neighbors, and often provide staffing or even leadership for various local civic and social change organizations.
Myth: Most intentional communities are “cults.”
Fact: Many sociologists and psychologists know that the popular image of “cults” and “mind control” is distorted. Both the American Psychological Association and the Society for the Scientific Study of Religion have done research that refutes the idea that religious or other groups are systematically brainwashing their members or interfering with their ability to think critically.
Although the term “cult” is usually intended to identify a group in which abuse occurs, its use frequently says more about the observer than the observed. It would generally be more accurate if the observer said “a group with values and customs different from mine; a group that makes me feel uncomfortable or afraid.”
Myth: Most members of intentional communities live impoverished lifestyles with limited resources.
Fact: In terms of material wealth, communities evolve like families: starting off with limited resources, new communities tend to live simply. As they mature, they tend to create a stable economic base and enjoy a more comfortable life–according to their own standards. Many established communities (20 years and older) have built impressive facilities, some of which are quite innovative in design and materials. The dollars to finance these improvements have come from successful community businesses, ranging from light manufacturing to food products, from computer services to conference centers.
With technological advances families are moving out of the factories and back into the home. Family values are playing a bigger part.
We have said a lot about the BMX Track but one can’t help being blown away by how successful it has become in its first year. Provincial races this year, National races next year, all due to a massive volunteer effort.
Smaller communities operate on a different economic dynamic than the big cities. If a school needs a new playground, before the paperwork could make it past 2 bureaucrats in the big city, who would eventually say, “there is not enough funds”, the smaller community will have someone say I can get the wood, and I can get the machines, and I can get next thing you know, the playground is up.
Grand Forks is full of this kind of spirit and if those that are running for elections this fall can find that, as the common ground to build on, then moving into the new millennium will be a smooth ride for Grand Forks and the Boundary Area.

McArthur Building
building details

Positively Greenwood
Greenwood’s boomtown growth and subsequent decline was linked directly to mining activity in the area. Unlike other such mining communities, Greenwood’s heritage has been preserved through many remaining buildings which document its history. This stop on our heritage tour is at the other end of town from the Museum. On the corner of Copper Street and Short Street you will see the McArthur Building (pictured above) Community Centre. It was originally owned by Russel Law, and Caulfield and was a large hardware and dry goods store. In 1903 an unusual cyclone hit Greenwood with much of the damage being done to the smelter and the McArthur Centre.

In 1913 L. A. Smith and Co. took over the building and 3 years later it changed hands again.
In 1916 the McArthur Centre became the Gulley Block, which delt in furniture, carpets and linoleums. Gulley was also a mortician, and rooms below were the Centre are believed to have been a morgue.
From 1920 to 1927 there were no taxes being paid on the land and building, so in 1927 The City of Greenwood took over the building, and in 1969, it was named the McArthur Centre, after a man who was a great contributor to the Greenwood Community, W.E. McArthur.

The buildings high ceiling has since been taken advantage of by building a second floor which is now being used by the Kettle River Art Club. When visiting the second floor of the building you get to see close up the detail of the ceiling work

(pictured to the abve).Details of craftsmanship were not only on the inside but also on the outside with decorative brick work around the windows and wood trim as well (see inset photo)
Take a trip into Greenwood and walk the trails, check out the unique shops, and quench your thirst at one of the local cafés or drinking establishments. Be sure you stop by the museum to find out more of the rich history of Greenwood or phone Merilyn Walker at the Greenwood Museum (250) 445-6355.

giraff project logo


Toni Cordell has travelled the world filming television shows. She’s been charged by an angry water buffalo, searched by gun-toting soldiers, and attacked by a snake charmer’s cobra. But nothing ever scared her as much as the fear that someone would finally discover that she could barely read. Toni kept her secret for 35 years! When she was a kid, other students called her a dummy, and teachers treated her like she couldn’t learn. She knows now that she should have gotten help for her problem. Instead she just got angry. Being a poor reader made everything so difficult. When she grew up her children couldn’t understand why she never read them storybooks or helped with their homework. Only Toni knew that by the time her son was in fifth grade he could read better than she could. She had to read a book three times before it made any sense to her.
Toni thought it was too late to do anything about her problem. Her mind was changed after seeing a movie about a grown man who finally admitted his illiteracy and learned to read. At age 45, Toni signed up for adult reading lessons. Within a year, she was teaching other people. She was so happy to be literate that she wanted to do something to let others non-reading adults know they weren’t too old to learn either. It had to be somelthng unusual, so that newspapers and TV stations would notice and cover the story. That’s when Toni started Rolling for Reading. In 1989, she roller-skated across her home state of Oklahoma, talking to students and community groups along the way. That trip brought a lot of attention to the problem of illiteracy, so Toni began to plan for something bigger for 1990. She decided to become the first woman to roller-skate across the U.S. She took off from San Gabriel, California, and skated into Jacksonville, Florida, five montlhs and 2,300 miles later. Toni skated 15-30 miles a day, and gave talks in the towns she passed through. It was hard work physically and the cost of the trip ate up the family savings, but Toni got a tremendous boost from knowing she was getting kids and adults fired up about reading.
At one school, an eleven-year-old boy stood up in the crowded auditorium and told Toni, “I’m just like you. The kids make fun of me. They tell me I’m stupid.” Toni spoke to him right from her heart. “I think you’re one of the bravest people I ever met,” she said. “You’ve just proven that you’re not afraid of what other people think of you. Just because other people call us names, doesn’t mean they’re right.” She told him, “If you’re not learning the way the information is presented, it doesn’t mean you’re lazy or stupid. It simply means you need to be taught a different way.” Toni knew how illiteracy could make you feel like an outsider, but she knew it could be overcome. That’s why she was ‘Rolling for Reading’.
Carl Dortch
Director, Lolita’s Legion


Letter to the Editor
Community Centre: a personal touch
My impression of personal is the human touch, a sense of the personal verses impersonal, a feeling of warmth verses cold, a sence of community verses commodity and creativity verses generic.
I am neither young nor old just somewhere inbetween and realizing that the impersonal touch of our time is money; more is better than less, bigger is better than smaller. This has depersonalized and segregated us all to feeling a deep sense of loneliness. I believe change is both good for one’s growth on an emotional, intellectual & physical level but not at the cost or loss of human spirit. As a community I feel we would and could serve the interests of the community by working together to also create a personal community of shops like a town square which would reflect our creativity, warmth, individuality and sense of unity.
I would like to see the children, seniors and inbetween have a town with a base that can support the interests and needs of the community and help cultivate a feeling of belonging to fuel the human spirit. When you lose your connection to the spirit, your sense of belonging and being part of a community, no amount of money will buy it back for you.
Kim Davis

+ Construction worker Hard Hat’s were first invented specifically for workers on the Hoover Dam back in 1933.
+ Arthur Giblin was the inventor of the first flushable toilet. It is believed that he later sold the rights to market his invention to Thomas Crapper, a fellow plumber and boss.
+ In 1938, Chester Carlson invented xerography out of two natural phenomena already known: materials of opposite electrical charges are attracted, and certain materials become better conductors of electricity when exposed to light. By combining these phenomena in a unique way, he was able to create a new process for making cheap, fast, good copies on plain paper
+ The shiny armor we know from many a movie (especially Robin Hood/King Arthur movies) wasn’t invented until the 13/14th century, while those movies take place (including the Holy Land stuff) between the 9th and 12th century.
+ Abner Doubleday, the inventor of baseball is also credited with firing the first Union shot of the Civil War.


The peoples of the world are one people, enriched by individual differences, united by the common bond of humanity. The diversity of a global community is its greatest strength; understanding and respect is its greatest gift.

Country Staircase

Internet History part 2 cont. from issue 12
Internet Commerce
The explosion of the WWW and the Internet has initiated a new type of consumerism. Commerce has been a powerful driving force behind Internet growth in recent years. Many corporations have used Internet marketing in similar fashion to catalogues without the printing expense: For buying, selling, and trading over the largest possible consumer medium. On-line services for companies of every size have become standard for those wishing to reach the largest consumer group possible. As the Internet continues to grow, so too will the services offered by corporations conducting business on the web. Supermarkets deliver groceries ordered over personal computers. Similar services will soon be offered for users wishing to rent movies or arrange for transportation. Price comparison is simple to find for smart consumers. First time buyers purchase new computers daily.
Internet Requirements
To establish on-line service to the Internet and to the WWW several requirements must be met. A connection to the Internet is most essential if you already own a computer and a modem. There are a few different ways to connect to the Internet. The easiest and most common way to get on-line is through the telephone. Access to the Internet and the WWW are made available by establishing service with an Internet Service Provider (ISP). America On-Line, CompuServe, and Prodigy are all Internet service providers. These corporations are designed as service oriented Internet providers. Although these three are recognized as having many service advantages over a local Internet provider, what they donate in service they lose in overall Internet quality. The modem speeds these three offer can not compete with established local providers. As a result, users of these three do not utilize the quality and speeds of the Internet to their full potential.
Microsoft Internet Explorer 3.02 and Netscape Navigator are the two default web browsers used on the Internet today. Although these programs share many similar functions, each has its distinctive characteristics. Both should be experimented with, and the ultimate decision should ultimately come from personal preference.
Domain Name & URL
A Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is another important detail to establish when planning to conduct business on the web. A URL discloses the name of the server that stores the files for a web site. The file’s name and directory path are also revealed. The domain name can be compared to a street address and phone number for the web. For example, is our domain name. Generally the domain name should be kept under eight characters. A domain name attracts users to you or your company without a tedious search. Creating an easily remembered domain name guarantees more visits from users.
Internet Risks
Like the park mentioned earlier, the web can be a wonderful place to play. Unfortunately just because experimenting on the web is fun does not mean it is without hazards. There are potential harms lurking in cyberspace. (Knowing how to identify potential problems and dealing with them are crucial for clean system maintenance and theft control.) Evils to watch out for while exploring cyberspace include viruses and cookies.
Cookies are both a necessity and a danger to many Internet users. A cookie is a file that is automatically downloaded onto your computer. Most cookies are beneficial and help programs run more efficiently.Before accepting cookies it is advisable to check both the cookie source and files to ensure they are from a reputable source. Cookies could potentially give control of your computer to a hacker on the outside.
As the name implies, viruses are the other danger to be wary of in cyberspace. They come in many shapes and forms.Some of them are created intentionally, while others were created accidentally. Many Internet Service providers offer a “fire wall” to prevent viruses from downloading onto your system. Viruses cause hours of frustration to those who have their systems infected. They can wipe out a hard drive or erase important information on your system. Fortunately you can purchase anti-viruses which are manufactured to prevent those little bugs from wreaking havoc on your system.
editors note: Before a virus you hear about, makes you panic check out this site first!
404 Error
Another frustration of cyberspace exists in the form of the dreaded 404 error. If while surfing the net you should encounter the 404, the message probably means the Page does not exist. It is also possible that too much traffic to the site has made it impossible to get through at the time. If so, try the site again at another time.
Like your daily commute to work, the Internet is also plagued by traffic. Peak usage is comparable to rush hour. When many users are trying to get to the same place, the amount of time it takes to get there increases. The delay in cyberspace is referred to as latency. Latency occurs when the signal you are receiving is forced to jump to and from numerous hosts to reach you. When fewer users are on-line, the number of jumps necessary to reach you is reduced.

* Dr. Seuss coined the word “nerd” in his 1950 book “If I Ran the Zoo”.
* A cockroach can live several weeks with its head cut off.
* Mexico City is sinking at a rate of 18 inches per year as a result of draining the water table for human consumption.
* During your lifetime, you’ll eat about 60,000 pounds of food, that’s the weight of about 6 elephants.
* Nanotechnology has produced a guitar no bigger than a blood cell. The guitar, 10 micrometers long, has six strummable strings.

 Einstien, appeared on the doorstep of a nice family in rural Grand Forks, at the beginning of August. Since his arival at the shelter nobody has come forth to claim him. He is a young (under a year) shepard cross with golden lab. Healthy smart and willing to please. He is a gentle and would make a wonderful family pet. He does require training.
To meet Einstien, stop by the SPCA shelter at 8120 Donaldson Drive, Grand Forks. Contact shelter
by phone at (250) 442-5858 / fax: 442-5838

Job Start
Job Start provides employment for youth who are not in school and who have little or no work experience. Job Start is designed to help youth gain their first work experience, while developing marketable skills and sound work habits needed to obtain long-term employment.
How Does it Work?
The provincial government encourages employers to hire youth by providing them with a wage subsidy of 50% of the minimum wage for a maximum of 360 hours, to help offset the cost of training. Employers provide the rest of the wage.
Am I Eligible?
In addition to being a permanent resident of B.C. and eligible to work in Canada, you must: *be between the ages of 17-24; *not be currently employed or working in the field of the position applied for; and *not be enrolled in school or planning on returning within six months.
How Do I Apply?
There is no form for you to fill out. Employers interested in hiring a youth must complete an application form that is then submitted to a Host Agency for approval. Once approved, employers use a variety of methods to locate and hire youth. Youth are encouraged to participate in Job Start in two ways. First, young people can directly approach an employer they are interested in working for to see if they would like to take part in the program. Second, youth can also contact the Host Agency in their region for more information on employment opportunities available.
When Do Employers Have To Apply By?
There is no deadline date for applications, however funds are limited.
Information about Host Agencies and other program information is available by calling 1-877-BCYOUTH

+ What do you get when a tornado goes over a bakery?
+ What are tornadoes called when they go over water in Belgium?
+ Why did the tornado cross the road?
+ What is a young tornado’s favorite dessert?
+ What’s a meteorologist’s favorite party game?

Riddle me this!
Three men checked into a hotel room for which they paid $30. The next day, the manager realized that the men had been overcharged. She gave the bellhop $5 to return to the three men. On the way to their room the bellhop decided to keep $2 for himself, and give each of the three men one dollar. The three men had now paid $9 each, or a total of $27.
This plus the $2 the bellhop kept makes a total of $29. What happened to the other dollar?

Tornado Answers
1. A Funnel Cake.
2. Brussel Spouts
3. Who would stop it?
4. Funnel Cakes
5. Twister

Riddle me this! answer
There is no missing dollar. When calculating the answer after you take 3 off making 27 one should be counting down to 25 to account for the $2 the bellhop kept as part of the $5 he was given not back up to $30. 30-3-2=25 not